Why is it called hepatic flexure?

The right colic flexure or hepatic flexure (as it is next to the liver) is the sharp bend between the ascending colon and the transverse colon. The hepatic flexure lies in the right upper quadrant of the human abdomen. It receives blood supply from the superior mesenteric artery.

Medical Definition of hepatic flexure : the right-angle bend in the colon on the right side of the body near the liver that marks the junction of the ascending colon and the transverse colon. — called also right colic flexure.

Additionally, why is the left colic flexure higher than the right? Left colic flexure (or splenic flexure) is the bend in the large intestine in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen as the transverse colon continues as the descending colon. The phrenicocolic ligament attaches the splenic flexure to the left hemidiaphragm. It lies more cranial than the right colic flexure.

Beside above, is the hepatic flexure part of the ascending colon?

The ascending colon (or right colon) is the beginning part of the colon. It is usually located on the right side of the body, extending from the cecum upward. At the top of the ascending colon, the colon abruptly bends to the left, forming the right colic flexure (also called the hepatic flexure).

What is a flexure in anatomy?

2 : an anatomical turn, bend, or fold especially : one of three sharp bends of the anterior part of the primary axis of the vertebrate embryo that serve to establish the relationship of the parts of the developing brain — see cephalic flexure, cervical flexure, hepatic flexure, pontine flexure, sigmoid flexure, splenic

Where is hepatic flexure in Colon?

Structure. The right colic flexure or hepatic flexure (as it is next to the liver) is the sharp bend between the ascending colon and the transverse colon. The hepatic flexure lies in the right upper quadrant of the human abdomen. It receives blood supply from the superior mesenteric artery.

How long do you live after being diagnosed with colon cancer?

This means that about 14% of people with stage IV colon cancer are likely to still be alive 5 years after they are diagnosed. But you’re not a number. No one, including your doctor, can tell you exactly how long you’ll live.

What causes trapped gas in intestines?

Splenic-flexure syndrome is a chronic disorder that may be caused by gas trapped at bends (flexures) in the colon. Crohn’s disease, colon cancer, or any disease that causes intestinal obstruction, may also cause abdominal bloating. Internal hernias or adhesions (scar tissue) from surgery may cause bloating or pain.

What is a hepatic flexure polyp?

Inflammatory fibroid polyp (IFP) is a rare benign polypoid lesion of the gastrointestinal tract. Most IFPs occur in the stomach and colonic occurrence is very rare. A 12-mm pedunculated polyp was found at the hepatic flexure of the colon. After saline injection, we attempted to remove the polyp with a hot snare.

Where is the left colic flexure located?

The left colic or splenic flexure is situated at the junction of the transverse and descending parts of the colon, and is in relation with the lower end of the spleen and the tail of the pancreas; the flexure is so acute that the end of the transverse colon usually lies in contact with the front of the descending colon

What does it mean to mobilize the splenic flexure?

The splenic flexure of the colon is mobilized by dividing the splenocolic ligament, allowing retraction of the colon away from the left kidney and the inferior pole of the spleen (Fig.

What foods cause polyps in the colon?

Eating more fruits, vegetables, and other foods with fiber may lower your chances of developing colon polyps. What type of eating plan is best to prevent colon polyps? fatty foods, such as fried foods. red meat, such as beef and pork. processed meat, such as bacon, sausage, hot dogs, and lunch meats.

What causes air in the colon?

Excess upper intestinal gas can result from swallowing more than a usual amount of air, overeating, smoking or chewing gum. Excess lower intestinal gas can be caused by eating too much of certain foods, by the inability to fully digest certain foods or by a disruption in the bacteria normally found in the colon.

Which side of the body is the ascending colon on?

The rest of the colon is divided into four parts: The ascending colon travels up the right side of the abdomen. The transverse colon runs across the abdomen.

Why does my ascending colon hurt?

The most common disorders of the colon are inflammatory bowel diseases such as: ulcerative colitis, which causes pain in the sigmoid colon—the final part of the large intestine that leads to the rectum. Crohn’s disease, which typically causes pain around the belly button or on the lower right side of the abdomen.

Can you live without your ascending colon?

Can You Live Without a Colon? Although it is an amazing organ, it is possible to live without a colon. People have portions of their colon removed in surgery every day—surgical bowel resection is one of the treatment options for colon cancer.

What would be an early sign of cancer in the ascending colon?

Signs and symptoms of colon cancer include: A persistent change in your bowel habits, including diarrhea or constipation or a change in the consistency of your stool. Rectal bleeding or blood in your stool. Persistent abdominal discomfort, such as cramps, gas or pain.

How many inches of colon do you have?

The large intestine (colon or large bowel) is about 5 feet long and about 3 inches in diameter. The colon absorbs water from wastes, creating stool. As stool enters the rectum, nerves there create the urge to defecate.

What is the end of the colon called?

It ends with a bend in the colon called the splenic flexure. The descending colon follows the transverse colon and splenic flexure. It is on the left side of the abdomen. The sigmoid colon is the last part of the colon and connects to the rectum.